Agroperlite has proven to be an excellent soil amendment to improve soil structure which provide the following results:
« Agroperlite is as useful to the home gardeners as it is to the commercial growers.
It is used with success in greenhouse growing, landscaping applications and for hydroponic cultures.»
Prepare a mixture of 1/2 Agroperlite and 1/2 peat moss. Fill trays or pots with mixture. Screen 6.35 mm of sphagnum or peat moss through fine screen onto surface of mixture and sow seeds. Use screened material for covering seeds when required. Place trays or pots in polyethylene bags or cover with glass. Re-move covering when seeds have germinated.
Perlite's bright white colour makes it particularly effective as a seed cover offering protection against bright sunlight and high radiant energy as well as resistance to surface moss or algae growth. In addition, Perlite’s white colour reflects light up under plant foliage which further enhances growth.
Both commercial growers and home gardeners have found that perlite is the ideal rooting medium for cuttings from ordinary houseplants or from woody shrubs, evergreens or vines. For rooting cuttings, 100% perlite is used. A mixture of 50% Agroperlite and 50% peat moss can be used as well. Place this mixture in tray or pot, insert cutting and firm the mix around the cutting. Flat trays or water drainage should be used. It is important to keep the perlite moist at all times and to keep cuttings out of direct sun. If temperatures are cool, rooting is hastened by applying bottom heat from a propagator or hating mat. Misting on warm days helps the cuttings retain moisture and hastens rooting.
Able to absorb and hold vast amounts of air and moisture, it is most useful in hanging baskets and summer containers, add a few handfuls of perlite to compost when potting-on to retain moisture.
OPEN FIELD AGRICULTURE
Soil in vegetable and flower gardens can be conditioned by cultivating, with a fork or rototiller, to a depth of 20-30cm. A 10cm layer of a mixture of 1/2 Agroperlite and 1/2 peat moss and/or organic compost is worked into the cultivated soil. If the soil is rich in organic material, the peat moss may be eliminated. Because Agroperlite is inorganic, it will not deteriorate in the soil but will continue to function for many years.
OPEN-FIELD SOILLESS CULTURE OF VEGETABLES
Soilless culture is most adaptable for high-value crops and for systems where increased income can result from improved fruit quality. Outdoor soilless culture is easily adapted by the small farmer producing a variety of crops, especially for direct-marketing.
Since the average home is extremely dry when the heating system is operating, plant foliage often takes on a scorched look on tips and edges. One way to overcome this is to set trays of water in the plant area and add perlite. Set the plants on the perlite which should be kept moist. Water is slowly released into the atmosphere, benefiting the plants. In addition, light coming in a window can be greatly increased by placing perlite in the bottom of plant trays and on the surface of the growing mix where light rays will be reflected back up to plants.
Agroperlite is ideal for supporting stems of cut flowers in preparing Flower arrangements. It is clean, sterile and holds water on the surface of the particle making the water available to the stems. Fill container with Agroperlite, saturate thoroughly with water, pour off excess water and insert flowers. Agroperlite will hold flowers firmly in place.
STORING BULBS AND ROOT CROPS
Agroperlite is an ideal material to use when storing bulbs, crops and tubers. Simply alternate a 2.54 cm of perlite with bulbs or tubers until containers are full. The perlite prevents excessive drying, eliminates dampness, and helps insulate bulbs or tubers against rapid temperature changes. Agroperlite also reduces damage from rodents and insects.
Extensive studies have shown that the unique capillary action of perlite makes it a superior growing media for hydroponic cultures. Perlite is used throughout the world as a component of soil-less growing mixes where it provides aeration and optimum moisture retention for superior plant growth. Outstanding yields are achieved with perlite hydroponic systems.
Perlite has been used for many years throughout the world for soil conditioning and as a component of growing mixes with materials such as peat moss or bark. Today it is also used in hydroponic cultures, composting, turf and lawns, and for water conservation (especially in landscaping and gardening). It is used as a carrier for fertiliser, herbicides and pesticides and for pelleting seed.